Scott D. McDonald is a Non-resident Research Fellow at the Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies (APCSS) and Ph.D. Candidate at The Fletcher School of Tufts University. A retired US Marine Corps officer, his final active-duty position was Military Professor at APCSS, where he taught Chinese philosophy and strategic thought, East Asian security dynamics, national strategy, cross-cultural communication, and strategic foresight. He also led APCSS’ first multilateral workshop in Taiwan. Originally a tank officer, the Marine Corps trained Mr. McDonald as China Foreign Area Officer (FAO). In this role he studied in Beijing, served as Marine Attaché in Australia and Taiwan, established the Regional Engagement Branch at III Marine Expeditionary Force, and served as a Strategic Analyst in the Commandant’s Strategic Initiatives Group. His publications include The Future of the United States-Australia Alliance, with Andrew T.H. Tan (London: Routledge, 2021); China’s Global Influence: Perspectives and Recommendations, with Michael C. Burgoyne (Honolulu: APCSS, 2019) and “Phase Zero: How China Exploits It, Why the US Does Not,” with Brock Jones and Jason M. Frazee, Naval War College Review 65, no 3 (Summer 2012): 123-135. Mr. McDonald earned a B.A. in International Relations from The George Washington University, an M.A. in National Security Affairs from the Naval Postgraduate School and completed the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Seminar XXI Program for national security leaders.